St Valentine’s Day is held on February 14th and is traditionally a day when lovers express their affection by exchanging cards and gifts such as confectionary and flowers but its history goes back many centuries. Saint Valentine’s Day was first established in 496 AD by Pope Gelasius 1 to celebrate the life of a Christian martyr named Valentine. There were several early Christian martyrs with the name of Valentine. The two that are celebrated on February 14th are Valentine of Rome who was a priest in Rome and martyred in AD 269. His relics are at the Church St Praxed in Rome. The second is Valentine of Terni who became bishop in about AD 197. His relics are at the Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni. In early medieval biographies no romantic elements are linked to either of these saints.

A ‘High Court of Love’ was established in Paris on Valentines Day 1400. The court dealt with love contracts, betrayals and violence against women. The earliest surviving valentine is a 15th Century rondeau written by Charles, Duke of Orleans to his wife. He was at the time being held in the Tower of London after his capture at Agincourt

A ‘High Court of Love’ was established in Paris on Valentines Day 1400. The court dealt with love contracts, betrayals and violence against women. The earliest surviving valentine is a 15th Century rondeau written by Charles, Duke of Orleans to his wife. He was at the time being held in the Tower of London after his capture at Agincourt

Rose & Honey Chai with Walnut & Maca Hearts

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